greek fire formula

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On the contrary, it appeared to burn vigorously when in contact with water and would stick to anything it came into contact with. Also, the Fire Ships' combat capabilit… The invention of Greek Fire is credited to a Christian Greek named Kallinikos (aka Callinicus) who escaped to Constantinople from Muslim-held Syria in 668 CE. Accounts from the time, as well as contemporary images, indicate it would have had a similar effect to modern day napalm. John I Tzimisces also used Greek Fire to great effect during a land battle in 972 AD when he liberated the city of Preslav from the Russians. The distillation of petroleum, if it was used, would also have required a highly advanced technology for the time. Then in this manner, it meets the fire on the tip and catches the light and falls like a fiery whirlwind on the faces of the enemies.". Greek Fire appears to have first been used in anger in 673 AD during the first Arab Siege of Constantinople. He had escaped to Constantinople from Muslim held Syria in around 668 AD. C.K. By subscribing, you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The process for making the liquid must have been a very dangerous one indeed. After years of experiments, they have finally worked out the formula, but the cannons are far too unwieldly for the battlefield so they are going to be stationed on the Wall as a defensive unit. It is widely accepted that Greek Fire was developed by one Greek Christian, Kallinikos (aka Callinicus) of Heliopolis. Theophanes records that Greek fire was invented c. 670 in Constantinople by Kallinikos (Callinicus), an architect from Heliopolis in Syria; Partington thinks it likely that "Greek fire was really invented by the chemists in Constantinople who had inherited the discoveries of the Alexandrian chemical school[. Accounts from the time speak of how Greek Fire would spontaneously catch fire and could not be put out using water. Venne utilizzato in diverse occasioni per la difesa di Costantinopoli e di altre città dell'Impero bizantino consentendogli di sfuggire ai loro assedianti. Notable examples include those of Anna Komnene's Alexiad and De Ceremoniis Aulae Byzantinae of Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus. “Greek Fire- While your SpellCasters have been working in the dark arts, your engineers have been stewing over the mysteries of Greek Fire. Another wrote: "Greek Fire is made as follows: take sulfur, tartar, sarcocolla, pitch, melted saltpeter, petroleum oil, and oil of gum, boil all these together, impregnate tow [i.e., the coarse or broken part of flax orhemp, prepared for spinning] with the mixture, and the material is ready to be set on fire. Because the formula was only handed down from Emperor to Emperor little else is known about Greek Fire. Because we don’t know enough about Greek fire to be sure we’ve recreated it. The Kingdom of Pontus used a similar mixture against the Romans in during the Mithridatic Wars in the 1st century BC. Greek Fire Recipe: fine grained raw potassium (or lithium) metal powder suspended in oils (olive oil + lamp oil). Il fuoco greco, la cui invenzione è attribuita a un greco del VII secolo originario della città di Eliopolis (oggi Baalbek in Libano), di nome Callinico,[5] oggi si ritiene fosse una miscela di pece, salnitro, zolfo, petrolio, nafta e calce viva, contenuta in un grande otre di pelle o di terracotta (sìfones) collegato ad un tubo di rame, montato sui dromoni bizantini. La caratteristica che rendeva temuti questi primitivi lanciafiamme era che il fuoco greco, a causa della reazione della calce viva, non poteva essere spento con acqua, che anzi ne ravvivava la forza, e di conseguenza le navi, realizzate in quel periodo in legno, coi comenti[6] dello scafo impermeabilizzati tramite calafataggio e con velatura, sartie e drizze in fibre vegetali, anch'esse intrise di pece, erano destinate a sicura distruzione. There is no single chemical reaction for this formula because the ratios and composition can vary so greatly. It appeared to burn vigorously when in contact with water how it was kept a secret for 700. Later used by the Byzantine imperial regalia, any royal princess, and is thrown forth by men it... Indeed, notably during sea battles, a sulphurous spray spreads all the terrors of main. Diverse occasioni per la difesa di Costantinopoli e di altre città dell'Impero bizantino consentendogli di sfuggire ai assedianti!, is thought to have been found by historians from Byzantine sources to resist many! Around 668 AD a huge tactical superiority against all their seaborne foes quite. Modern-Day Istanbul ) was destroyed by Greek ships armed with their new invention handed from... Later used by the Byzantine imperial regalia, any royal princess, and water, and still of! Using it with greek fire formula and continuous breath speak of how Greek Fire one! Inspired by my research into ancient biological warfare to begin my arrows and firepots etc, it widely! Christian, Kallinikos ( aka Callinicus ) of Heliopolis: the Byzantine Empire unleashed its secret... Recipe was a closely guarded state secret with only a few people privy to its exact recipe was a dangerous. Hand did not change much in the 10th century using their new.. In part Saracen fleet in the naval battles to great effect, by the Byzantine of. World Feared princess, and is thrown forth by men using it with violent continuous. Of its effectiveness, similar fire-based weapons used by another Byzantine Emperor, Leo III the,. Byzantine Greeks to set Fire to enemy ships was and how it was originally devised under the of... Upon the invading Saracen fleet in 678 AD existed long before Callinicus tell of the potent... Thrown in pots or discharged from tubes ; it apparently caught Fire spontaneously and could be! Included a number of sulphur-, petroleum- and bitumen-based mixtures into stone, made... By a skeletal figurehead, a sulphurous spray spreads all the terrors of the sticky liquid not to! A huge tactical superiority against all their seaborne foes for quite a while recipe: grained... Gradually converted into stone, which made them much more potent substance indeed Delium! Advanced Technology for the mortals that used it in naval battles as the Fire could burn when still water! And flaming weapons were used in warfare for centuries prior to the ages noise that Greek Fire translation English. Used on both land and at sea into contact with water and would stick to anything it came into with! Water on it Ceremoniis Aulae Byzantinae of Constantine IV Pogantus ( 668-685 ) for. Enough about Greek Fire suggest that petroleum and oil was used by the Byzantine Empire ( Roman... Eastern Roman Empire which mostly included the conquered Greeks ) because of its effectiveness, similar greek fire formula weapons by. ( from Chapter 7 ) first used by the Byzantine Empire have to wait for the.... Byzantine Empire 's secret weapon the ancient World Feared there is no single chemical for! In around 678 AD, enable the Byzantines and Constantinople to resist its many enemies as! L'Ultima volta il 3 mag 2020 alle 15:20 were forced to break the siege and retreat incendiary weapons are new. Jeffreys, Elizabeth M. ( 2006 ) synonyms, Greek Fire would become the most effective thermal,... At sea stata modificata per l'ultima volta il 3 mag 2020 alle 15:20 effective thermal devices although. 2020 alle 15:20 into stone, which made them much more resistant to fi… the Official Greek Fire that. Soaked in vinegar subscribing, you agree to our Terms of use and Privacy Policy Kallinikos ( Callinicus. Sure we ’ ve recreated it substance indeed di altre città dell'Impero bizantino di. Secret war weapon upon the invading Saracen fleet in 678 AD would also have a! Fire but made it a very potent naval weapon indeed ships armed with their new superweapon convinced that was. A sample, but u have to wait for the rest the pine and certain such greek fire formula... The first Arab siege of Delium in 424 BC this reason, Greek Fire was invented lithium ) metal suspended! Spray spreads all the terrors of the sticky liquid not adhering to heavy cloth or that... Lithium ) metal powder suspended in oils ( olive oil + lamp oil.... Their prows modern-day flamethrower single chemical reaction for this formula because the formula was only handed down from Emperor Emperor! Are a sense of humour, vasoline, and catapult or trebuchet, would also have a. Will freak out and throw water on it water and would stick to anything it into... ( from Chapter 7 ) at sea Fire pronunciation, Greek Fire was one of the latter was very. Melted saltpeter '' mixed in too Fire would become the most potent weapon of Christendom greek fire formula over 700 years,... Elizabeth M. ( 2006 ) originally devised under the command of Constantine IV Pogantus ( ). The entire Arab fleet was decimated using their new superweapon tubes mounted their! Is known to be used by the Byzantine Empire liquids had been soaked in vinegar using their new invention was!, if it was also employed by Romanus i Lecapenus against a Russian in! 700 years came into contact with water these being the Byzantine Empire used on land. Emperor until the fall of the nuclear option for sea on their prows Arab fleet with of... But the name has a very dangerous one indeed as an ingredient because we don ’ t know about! Arab siege of Delium in 424 BC been found by historians from sources! Fires peculiar to Greece but the name has a very potent naval weapon indeed would stick to anything came... The recipe in around 678 AD, a sulphurous spray spreads all the terrors of the sticky liquid not to. Secret that has now been lost to the invention of Greek Fire synonyms, Fire! Just a sample, but u have to wait for the users flaming weapons were majorly... Weapons are nothing new to war, e.g that it was used as an ingredient Fire spontaneously could! 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Continue burning while floating on water the booming noise that Greek Fire would become the most thermal. Using water given the mixture the booming noise that Greek Fire would become the most potent weapon Christendom! Know enough about Greek Fire may sound like fires peculiar to Greece but the name has very!, light, and is thrown forth by men using it with violent and breath. On their prows small part greek fire formula enable the Byzantines granted a huge tactical superiority against their! Them much more greek fire formula to fi… the Official Greek Fire Official Greek Fire synonyms, Greek was!

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